Tuesday, 26 May 2015


Excerpts from The Battle for the Beginning by John McArthur:

Either there is a God who created the universe and sovereignly rules His creation, or everything was caused by blind chance. If God rules, there is no room for chance.  God’s rule and chance are mutually exclusive and inherently incompatible.  If chance causes or determines anything, God is not truly God.
But chance is not a force and cannot make anything happen.  Chance is nothing. It does not exist. And therefore has no power to do anything.  The outcome of the flipping of a coin is not a matter of chance, rather, the outcome is exactly determined by all the laws of physics associated with the flipping of the coin and the properties of the coin itself.  Under precise laboratory conditions the outcome of a coin-toss will be predictable and repeatable. The only variable, where the laws of physics do not apply, is the decision to toss the coin—or not.  Without this initiative there can be no outcome.
Chance is contrary to every law of science (chance precludes anything from being observable and repeatable), every principle of logic and every intuition of common sense.  The most basic principles of thermodynamics, physics and biology suggest that chance simply cannot be the determinative force that has brought about the order and interdependence we see in our universe.
God is the uncaused cause.
“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” The Bible: Genesis 1:1

Randomness - a lack of pattern or predictability in events.
Probability - the measure of the likeliness that an event will occur.
Luck - a purposeless, unpredictable and uncontrollable force that shapes events favorably or unfavorably for an individual, group or cause.
Chance is a philosophical concept.

Anyone who has read or watched the Hitch-Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy will know that at the end of the show, as Ford Prefect, on his Spaceship of Infinite Probability, ends his search for The Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything with the roll of two dice.  His answer was 42.  The question we all need to ask ourselves is, does the sum total of all my life experiences, all the highs and lows, the joys and sufferings, my childhood, my education, my career, all the good I have done, and the loves of my life, total nothing more than the roll of the dice? I hope your answer is, "No."


This is the typical non-theistic response: "Evolution is driven by mutation, selection in regard to the species environment, and reproductive success. It is absolutely not due to blind chance. It is completely run by specific events that lead to decent with modification."  This statement is obviously self-contradictory!

It uses mutation as the basis for its argument.  The question has to be asked, what caused the mutation?  The environment? This then becomes a circular argument and leads to the next obvious question, what caused the changing environment if not chance?